National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)
The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate) (or NEET (UG)), formerly the All India Pre-Medical Test(AIPMT), is an entrance examination in India for students who wish to study undergraduate medical courses (MBBS) and dental courses (BDS) in government or private medical and dental colleges in India.
The undergraduate NEET (UG), for MBBS and BDS courses, is currently conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA), which provides the results to the Directorate General of Health Services at the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Prior to 2019, the test was conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in partnership with Prometric Testing Pvt Ltd headquartered in the US.
NEET-UG replaced the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) and all individual MBBS exams conducted by states or colleges themselves in 2013. However, many colleges and institutes had taken a stay order and conducted private examinations for admission to their MBBS and BDS courses.
NEET-UG is a single entrance test for admissions to more than 66,000 MBBS and BDS seats across India. In 2018, around 80% of the candidates wrote NEET-UG in English, 11% in Hindi, 4.31% in Gujarati, 3% in Bengali and 1.86% in Tamil.
After the enactment of NMC Act 2019 in September 2019, NEET-UG became common for all India entrance test for admissions to medical colleges in India including the All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) which until then conducted separate entrances.
Exam pattern and structure
There are a total of 180 questions asked in the exam, 45 questions each from Physics and Chemistry, 90 questions from Biology. Each correct response fetches 4 marks and each incorrect response gets -1 negative marking. The exam duration is 3 hours (180mins). The exam is of 720 marks (maximum marks).
NEET-UG syllabus consists of the core concepts of Physics, Chemistry and Biology taught in classes 11 and 12 as prescribed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).
As per the orders of Honourable Supreme Court, there will be a single medical entrance exam all over India for admission into medical and dental colleges. The colleges will not be able to conduct their own medical entrance exam and thus all will accept students based on NEET Score. All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT), is now known as NEET. The total number of seats offered under NEET are 66,000 which is distributed accordingly.
Colleges No of Seats
- All private colleges – 25840
- All Government colleges – 27590
- NEET Counselling seats – 3521
- NEET Basic Seats – 35461
NEET is also for admission into 15% seats in government medical and dental colleges and in all private medical and dental colleges all over India.